A bibliometric review of research on student outcomes in higher education 1960-2020

  • Ahmet Aypay Nazarbayev University, Kazakhstan
  • Hasan Yücel Ertem Zonguldak Bülent Ecevit University, Turkey
Keywords: student outcomes, bibliometric review, topics, methodologies, citations, co-citations


This study conducted a bibliometric analysis of studies on student outcomes in higher education from 1960 to 2020, providing a bibliometric content analysis of articles based on 52 Scopus-indexed higher education journals. Bibliometric analysis methodology was used, and Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses were employed to identify and select the 2,375 articles included in the sample. The trajectory of publications over time was also analyzed, and often-cited journals, authors, articles, and co-citations were identified. The topical foci of research on student outcomes were revealed, co-occurrence analysis was performed, and keyword co-occurrence maps are presented. Limitations, interpretation, implications, and recommendations were also made on the basis of the findings.

Received: 12 September 2021
Accepted: 18 August 2022


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Author Biographies

Ahmet Aypay, Nazarbayev University, Kazakhstan

Professor in Higher Education at Graduate School of Education, Nazarbayev University. Dr. Aypay’s research interests are college outcomes, normative structure of colleges and universities, organization, governance and leadership in higher education. He received his PhD from Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA. He has worked as a faculty member and administrator at various universities in Turkey.

Hasan Yücel Ertem, Zonguldak Bülent Ecevit University, Turkey

Professor in the department of educational sciences at Ereğli Faculty of Education, Zonguldak Bülent Ecevit University, Zonguldak, Turkey. Dr. Ertem’s research focuses on student attrition, student retention, first-year experience, and organizational factors that influence students. He received his PhD from Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey. Previously, he worked as a science teacher in high schools.


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How to Cite
Aypay, Ahmet, and Hasan Yücel Ertem. 2022. “A Bibliometric Review of Research on Student Outcomes in Higher Education 1960-2020”. Tuning Journal for Higher Education 10 (1), 27-63. https://doi.org/10.18543/tjhe.2189.