Medical Educators’ conceptions about Generic Competences in Argentina: Contributions for consensus building

  • Roberta Inés Ladenheim Instituto Universitario CEMIC, Argentina
  • Cecilia Inés Hernández Health & Environment Ministry of the Province of Santa Cruz, Argentina
Keywords: competence‑based education, competence frameworks, Tuning Project, generic competences, discipline-specific competences, conceptions, human resources in healthcare


Healthcare professionals’ education is evolving to meet people’s needs towards a more comprehensive, collaborative and interdisciplinary training. In medical education in Argentina, in the context of international discussions around competence-based education (CBE), competence frameworks are being developed for undergraduate and postgraduate education, constituting agreed criteria that lead to the design of training programs and work as key tools to ensure educational quality. The Tuning Project and other international frameworks account for this process towards a common definition of standards beyond geographic and disciplinary boundaries. Generic competences (GCs) have acquired increased relevance in CBE discussions, whereas in medical education they involve key skills for patient safety – yet clarity in their implementation still has to be accomplished. In competence-based medical education (CBME), some changes are being hindered by the absence of a common language as well as diverging ideologies and theories. The purpose of this work was to explore conceptions and the terms used when referring to GCs by people in charge of educational planning and design of Human Resources (HR) training policies in Argentina. A qualitative informants from different levels and fields in medical education. Interviews were conducted by one interviewer and analysed by two independent researchers. Results showed that medical educational planners have different conceptions regarding GCs and fail to share a common language to enunciate them. They acknowledge their relevance for patient safety and agree with the notion that, at this time of educational transformation, it would be useful to enunciate them separately from specific competences, although they realise that this involves potential risks in curricular design. From all terms used in this regard, “generic competence” was identified as a contradiction in itself. Consensus on denomination, meaning and visibility in curricula is mandatory.

Received: 26 April 2018
Accepted: 18 May 2018
Published online: 31 May 2018


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Author Biographies

Roberta Inés Ladenheim, Instituto Universitario CEMIC, Argentina

ROBERTA INÉS LADENHEIM ( is a physician, specialising in Internal Medicine & Master in Education for Healthcare Professionals. She is the Director of the Medicine Program and Coordinator of the Specialisation Program in Internal Medicine at the Instituto Universitario CEMIC, Buenos Aires, Argentina. She is also active as a teacher in postgraduate training in medical education. Her research interest is linked to the development of competences in healthcare professionals. Mail:

Cecilia Inés Hernández, Health & Environment Ministry of the Province of Santa Cruz, Argentina

Psychologist & Master in Education for Healthcare Professionals. She is Teaching Coordinator at the Provincial Coordination of Teaching & Research at the Health & Environment Ministry of the Province of Santa Cruz, Argentina. She is also a teacher at the Virtual Campus of Public Health – PAHO – Argentine Node. Her research interest is linked to healthcare professionals’ training. Mail:


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How to Cite
Ladenheim, Roberta Inés, and Cecilia Inés Hernández. 2018. “Medical Educators’ Conceptions about Generic Competences in Argentina: Contributions for Consensus Building”. Tuning Journal for Higher Education 5 (2), 99-132.