The early years

  • Paul D. Ryan
Keywords: Tuning, Journal, Higher Education, planning, citations


Setting up an international academic journal is no easy task. This article reviews the planning stages and the publication of the first issues of the Tuning Journal for Higher Education. The need for such a journal and its role in supporting the objectives of the Tuning Academy are outlined.


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Author Biography

Paul D. Ryan

Emeritus Professor of Geology, NUI Galway (Ireland) and Founding Editor of Tuning Journal for Higher Education. Paul D. Ryan was a founder member of and is a member of the management board of the ‘Tuning Project’: the European Universities’ response to the Bologna process. He co-chaired the Earth Sciences Subject Area Group from 2000-2009 and was principal author of the validated Tuning Template for Earth Science Higher Education in Europe. He has given over 40 invited presentations on Tuning and the Bologna Process throughout Europe and has acted as adviser to both Government Agencies, Thematic Networks and Tuning Projects including: Africa; Georgia; Ireland; Russia; Spain; UK; USA; AFANET; MRENET, EurAges and EAR-HEI. He was appointed Founder Editor of the Tuning Journal for Higher Education in 2011. Paul graduated with a First-Class Honours Degree in Geology and Chemistry from Keele University, Staffordshire where he also read for a Ph.D. in Geology. He worked at NUI Galway since 1970 until his retirement at the end of 2009. He was Professor of Geology since 1997 and acted as University Bologna Advisor since 2005. He is now Emeritus Professor and an active researcher in a wide range of fields in the Geosciences and in Higher Education with over 4900 citations.

How to Cite
Ryan, Paul D. 2023. “The Early Years”. Tuning Journal for Higher Education 11 (1), 21-24.