Paul D. Ryan (firstname.lastname@example.org) was a founder member of and remains a member of the management board of the ‘Tuning Project’. He co-chaired the Earth Sciences Subject Area Group from 2000-2009 and was principal author of the validated Tuning Template for Earth Science Higher Education in Europe. He has given over 40 invited presentations on Tuning and the Bologna Process globally and has acted as adviser to many Government Agencies, Thematic Networks and Tuning Projects. He was appointed Founder Editor of the Tuning Journal for Higher Education in 2011. He worked at National University of Ireland, Galway (NUI Galway) from 1970 until 2009 where he became Professor of Geology and University Bologna Advisor. He is now Emeritus Professor and an active researcher in the Geosciences and in Higher Education with over 8000 citations. Paul has a Ph.D. in Geology (Keele University, UK).